The beginning of this winter (2022-2023 ) in Tunisia was characterized by temperatures well above normal for the season from December 1 to February 18. They then declined while reaching below normal values for twenty days, then becoming above normal until the end of the season. The average seasonal temperature (27 main stations) reached 13.2°C and exceeded the normal (11.8°C) by +1.4°C which ranks this winter as the fifth warmest winter.
With regard to rainfall, the seasonal accumulation of the main stations reached 1553 mm, i.e. 50% of the seasonal accumulation of the same stations (3109 mm), this deficit affected almost all of our regions and it was more marked on the central and western regions of the country.